The adoption allowance ('prime d'adoption' / 'adoptiepremie') is a one-off payment from the Belgian state for each child that is adopted, paid by a family allowance agency.
Within the Belgian system, different family allowance systems - with similar rules and amounts - are in place for:
|Who submits the application?||
If the child is adopted by:
If the adoptive parents are neither employees nor independent, it may still be possible to receive an adoption allowance. Contact your family allowance agency for more information.
|How do I apply?||
You can request this allowance as soon as the adoption procedure is under way, and the child is registered as part of your household.
|How much do I receive and when?||
The adoption allowance is the same as the allowance for the birth of a first baby, i.e. a lump sum of around €1220 per child.
For subsequent adoptions, the amount stays the same.
As soon as the family allowance agency receives all the necessary paperwork, they make the payment as soon as possible.
Read more about the adoption allowance (in French).
If no-one in your household is an employee, but you and/or your partner are Belgian civil servants, you can apply for the adoption allowance through the family allowance agency specific to your service. Ask your HR department for more information.
If no-one in your household is an employee or a Belgian civil servant, but you and/or your partner are self-employed, you can apply for the adoption allowance through your ‘caisse d’assurances sociales’ / ‘socialeverzekeringsfonds’ (social security agency).
If you do not fall under any of the categories mentioned here, contact the Office national d’allocations familiales pour travailleurs salariés (ONAFTS) / Rijksdienst voor Kinderbijslag voor Werknemers (RKW) to find out if and how you are entitled to an adoption allowance. Some examples of other situations are: teachers, students, workers in the catering industry.